CONTRIBUTE MORE TO FIGHT CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS, HASINA URGES WEST
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Tuesday asked the major carbon emitting developed nations to make robust voluntary commitment to match the developing nations towards fighting the effects of climate change.
“It is our firm commitment to (follow) low-carbon, climate-resilient development path. The large emitting countries should reciprocate, by robust voluntary commitments, (gestures) from countries like ours,” Hasina said, addressing the UN Climate Summit Round-Table meeting in New York.
According to her speech available in Dhaka, the prime minister listed Bangladesh’s efforts to fight the fallout of the global warming despite the South Asian country’s vulnerability to climate change.
She assured that Bangladesh as a responsible member of the international community would never exceed the average per-capita emission limit of the developing world.
Hasina said adaptation is the key for vulnerable countries like Bangladesh. “We cannot be left to adapt to ‘degradation’ because of climate change,” she said.
“Developed countries must come forward to match robust commitments and efforts from countries like ours,” she said, adding that there should be greater ‘fast-track finance’ for adaptation, particularly for the climate-vulnerable countries.
The Bangladesh Premier said the issues of ‘adaptation’ and ‘loss and damage’ are also crucial for Bangladesh for sustainable development. Critical balance should be maintained between adaptation and mitigation. Support to finance, technology development and transfer and capacity building is also important as well, she said.
Sheikh Hasina said, every country should have a clear, measurable and verifiable ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Bangladesh is working on her possible INDCs. But new and additional resources would be needed for their implementation, she said.
President of Bolivia, Brazil, Turkey, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Croatia, Austria, Uganda also spoke on the session, which was chaired by UNGA President Sam Kutea.
Urging the world leaders to pay attention to ‘Carbon budgeting’ and ‘de-carbonization pathways’ the Prime Minister said, robust and early capitalisation of Green Climate Fund (GCF) is crucial for us.
Sheikh Hasina said adequate and predictable financing is essential for adaptation planning and its implementation. Private climate finance can only be complementary for mitigation, she said.
Sheikh Hasina reassured her commitment that as a responsible member of the international community, Bangladesh would never exceed the average per capita emission of the developing world.
“It is our firm commitment to low-carbon, climate-resilient development path. The large emitting countries should reciprocate by robust voluntary commitments from countries like ours,” she said.
Highlighting Bangladesh’s constant endevour to green economy saying in recent years, Bangladesh has undertaken significant steps in this regard.
Bangladesh now has 3.2 million Solar Home Systems (SHS), over 1.5 million Improved Cook Stoves (ICS) across the country, she said adding a ten-year Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan is under implementation. Under the action plan, she said, Bangladesh has already developed varieties of stress-tolerant crops.
Though Bangladesh is a climate-vulnerable LDC, the country so far allocated 385 million US dollars from own resources for adaptation and mitigation, she said.
“Yet, climate change continues to affect the lives and livelihood of millions in our unique and active delta,” she said adding frequency and intensity of flooding, storm surge, and salinity intrusion are badly affecting our coastal habitat.
Sheikh Hasina said climate change may threaten Bangladesh’s wheat and major rice crop (Boro) production. In addition, many people may have to move out, changing their traditional living and livelihood. Studies suggest that 2 to 3 percent of our GDP may be wiped out because of climate change, she said.
Earlier, the Prime Minister attended the inauguration of the Climate Conference-2014 in which UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, chair of IPCC Rajendra K. Pachauri and former US Vice President Al Gore also spoke.
SEPTEMBER 24, 2014