COMPREHENSIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME
What is the project about?
The Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP) is a flagship collaborative initiative of the Bangladesh Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) and UNDP. Its core objective is to strengthen national capacity to manage risks related to disasters, as well as the immediate response and the recovery efforts. It is done through a comprehensive approach that focuses on all hazards, all phases of disaster management, and is involving all relevant stakeholders.
The first phase laid the foundations for institutionalizing a risk reduction framework and Phase II (CDMP II) is designed to further expand this pioneering approach. CDMP’s activities include knowledge building and policy support with and through the government, as well as community level interventions to reach the most vulnerable section of the population. Communities are now integrating disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation measures and are more resilient.
CDMP focuses on achieving the following objectives:
- Strong, well-managed and professional institutions capable of implementing a comprehensive range of risk reduction interventions;
- Reduced risks to rural and urban populations through raising awareness and empowering communities;
- Improved overall effectiveness and timeliness of disaster preparedness;
- Improved and broadened measures to ensure government ministries’ budget include disaster provisions;
- Implemented community-level interventions to be best prepared from disaster risks from a changing climate.
What have we accomplished so far?
Building on the successes of the first phase, CDMP II generates major impacts at both policy and grassroots levels. Some highlights are presented below:
• Disaster risk reduction regulations are now included in all ministries and government departments’ planning and budgeting processes. Vital policies and frameworks were developed, including the Disaster Management Act, Disaster Management Policy (Draft), Revised Standing Order on Disasters (SOD), National Plan on Disaster Management (2010-2015), Cyclone Shelter Constructions, Maintenance and Management Guidelines 2011, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Disaster Management Framework.
• The disaster and climate change vulnerability of over 3 million people (half of them are women) of 321 unions under 40 most disaster vulnerable districts have been reduced by 1,865 small and medium scale risk reduction schemes. These are selected from local Risk Reduction Action Plan (RRAP) which is prepared following participatory process like Community Risk Assessment (CRA) and/or Fast Track Risk Assessment (FTRA) in partnership with community and local government. These schemes are funded through Local Disaster Risk Reduction Fund (LDRRF) modalities of CDMP and mostly implemented by Union/Upazila Disaster Management Committees.
• Bangladesh has one of the rapidly growing urban populations in the Asia Pacific region and its new and existing urban population is highly vulnerable to the risk posed by earthquakes. CDMP financed ground breaking work to map the seismic vulnerability of nine of Bangladesh’s biggest cities using the latest remote sensing and statistical analyses techniques. For the first time planners and developers in these cities have readily available data to determine the nature and scale of risk across each city and can, thus, specify the appropriate design and construction standards for future development.
• The rise of mobile phone uses open up the avenue to introduce pull protocol based early warning system which offers the valuable golden hours to be prepared well ahead of time. CDMP in partnership with Bangladesh Teleltalk Ltd. (state-owned mobile phone company), Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD) and Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC) introduced Interactive Voice Response (IVR) based (by dialling 10941) early warning system. This has enabled 110 million cell-phone users of the country to have direct access to receive early warnings of approaching hydro-meteorological disasters and to be prepared well ahead of time.
• Roughly 80% of Bangladesh is made up of fertile alluvial floodplains. Agriculture is a key economic sector in Bangladesh that accounts for 19.29% of the GDP and 47.5% of the labour force, this sector is highly prone to drought, flood and adverse impact of climate change. CDMP in partnership with FFWC has extended flood forecast lead time from 3 to 5 days, potentially saving the lives, livelihoods and assets of 88 million people living in four river basin areas. This has a potential to reduce 20% of crop loss in case of a severe flooding.
• 17 universities comprises of both public and private and 11 training institutes including Bangladesh Public Administration Training Centre (BPATC) introduced certificate, diploma, honours and masters course in disaster management with support from CDMP. About 700 participants in total enrol to these courses in each course calendar.
• CDMP has financed more than 300 individual pieces of research, operational guidelines, training manuals and related knowledge products concerning DRR and CCA. These products have supported the paradigm shift of disaster management practices in the country and contributed to the ongoing professionalization of government officials and NGO workers. CDMP facilitated the establishment of the Department of Disaster Management’s e-library http://www.dmic.org.bd/e-library, in order to make this unique body of knowledge more widely available to practitioners both in country and internationally.
• CDMP supported Bangladesh Fire Service and Civil Defence in training and development of 26,465 urban community volunteers. These volunteers have successfully took part in search and rescue operation of fire, landslide and building collapse incidents including catastrophic Rana Plaza (April 24, 2013) rescue operation. CDMP also supported Cyclone Preparedness Programme (CPP) to expand their operation in South-West coast of Bangladesh through training and development of 6,540 volunteers. CPP played the fore front role during tropical storm Mahasen (2013) response that successfully evacuated 1.1 million people to safe shelters.
MAY 01, 2015